Relating glycoprotein structural heterogeneity to function - insights from native mass spectrometry.
Struwe WB., Robinson CV.
Glycosylation is the most complex and prevalent protein modification that influences attributes ranging from cellular localization and signaling to half-life and proteolysis. Glycoconjugates are fundamental for cellular function and alterations in their structure are often observed in pathological states. Most biotherapeutic proteins are glycosylated, which influences drug safety and efficacy. Therefore, the ability to characterize glycoproteins is important in all areas of biomolecular and medicinal research. Here we discuss recent advances in native mass spectrometry that have significantly improved our ability to characterize heterogeneous glycoproteins and to relate glycan structure to protein function.