(13) C magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging of hyperpolarized [1-(13) C, U-(2) H5 ] ethanol oxidation can be used to assess aldehyde dehydrogenase activity in vivo.
Dzien P., Kettunen MI., Marco-Rius I., Serrao EM., Rodrigues TB., Larkin TJ., Timm KN., Brindle KM.
PURPOSE: Aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH2) is an emerging drug target for the treatment of heart disease, cocaine and alcohol dependence, and conditions caused by genetic polymorphisms in ALDH2. Noninvasive measurement of ALDH2 activity in vivo could inform the development of these drugs and accelerate their translation to the clinic. METHODS: [1-(13) C, U-(2) H5 ] ethanol was hyperpolarized using dynamic nuclear polarization, injected into mice and its oxidation in the liver monitored using (13) C MR spectroscopy and spectroscopic imaging. RESULTS: Oxidation of [1-(13) C, U-(2) H5 ] ethanol to [1-(13) C] acetate was observed. Saturation of the acetaldehyde resonance, which was below the level of detection in vivo, demonstrated that acetate was produced via acetaldehyde. Irreversible inhibition of ALDH2 activity with disulfiram resulted in a proportional decrease in the amplitude of the acetate resonance. CONCLUSION: (13) C magnetic resonance spectroscopy measurements of hyperpolarized [1-(13) C, U-(2) H5 ] ethanol oxidation allow real-time assessment of ALDH2 activity in liver in vivo.