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BACKGROUND: Diabetes was a major risk factor for numerous chronic diseases. However, the associations between daytime napping and diabetes in the existing literature is still inconsistent. METHODS: The analysis included 53,916 participants aged 30-79 years of the China Kadoorie Biobank prospective study from Tongxiang. Incident diabetes were identified through linkage with incident diabetes surveillance systems, health insurance system, and death registries. Cox regressions were used to estimate the associations of daytime napping with diabetes. RESULTS: 5.11% of participants reported habitual daytime napping. During 488,233 person-years (median 9.4 years) of follow-up, 3333 incident diabetes, including 1249 males and 2084 females, were documented. After adjusting for socio-demographic status, behavioral lifestyle, BMI, waist circumference and snoring, as comparison with those without daytime napping, the hazard ratios for risk of diabetes were 1.39 (95% CI 1.21-1.59). The corresponding figures for males and females were 1.45 (95% CI 1.20-1.74) and 1.30 (95% CI 1.05-1.59), respectively. The corresponding figures for postmenopausal and premenopausal females were 1.41 (95% CI 1.08-1.80) and 1.13 (95% CI 0.78-1.59), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Habitual daytime napping is positively associated with risk of diabetes in adults, except premenopausal females.

Original publication




Journal article


Nutr Metab (Lond)

Publication Date





China, Daytime napping, Diabetes, Prospective study