Deciphering cellular signals in adult mouse sinoatrial node cells.
Reddy GR., Ren L., Thai PN., Caldwell JL., Zaccolo M., Bossuyt J., Ripplinger CM., Xiang YK., Nieves-Cintrón M., Chiamvimonvat N., Navedo MF.
Sinoatrial node (SAN) cells are the pacemakers of the heart. This study describes a method for culturing and infection of adult mouse SAN cells with FRET-based biosensors that can be exploited to examine signaling events. SAN cells cultured in media with blebbistatin or (S)-nitro-blebbistatin retain their morphology, protein distribution, action potential (AP) waveform, and cAMP dynamics for at least 40 h. SAN cells expressing targeted cAMP sensors show distinct β-adrenergic-mediated cAMP pools. Cyclic GMP, protein kinase A, Ca2+/CaM kinase II, and protein kinase D in SAN cells also show unique dynamics to different stimuli. Heart failure SAN cells show a decrease in cAMP and cGMP levels. In summary, a reliable method for maintaining adult mouse SAN cells in culture is presented, which facilitates studies of signaling networks and regulatory mechanisms during physiological and pathological conditions.