Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

This review describes recent advances in cardiac magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS). MRS allows noninvasive characterization of the metabolic state of cardiac muscle, in both animal and human models. Recent experimental MRS studies have allowed new insights into the essential role of energetics in heart failure. Various new studies suggest a rapidly growing role of MRS for phenotyping new genetically modified mouse models, and recent methodologic advances include development of absolute quantification of high-energy phosphates, measurement of ATP turnover rates and thermodynamic parameters (such as free ADP and free energy change of ATP hydrolysis), and improved acquisition sequences. New patient studies demonstrate the potential value of MRS as a clinical diagnostic tool in patients with ischemic heart disease, heart failure, cardiac transplantation, valve disease, and genetic cardiomyopathy.


Journal article


Curr Cardiol Rep

Publication Date





75 - 82


Animals, Heart Diseases, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Mice, Rats, Swine