Nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate mobilizes Ca2+ from a thapsigargin-insensitive pool.
Genazzani AA., Galione A.
Nicotinic acid-adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a novel intracellular Ca2+ releasing agent recently described in sea-urchin eggs and egg homogenates. Ca2+ release by NAADP is independent of that induced by either inositol trisphosphate (InsP3) or cyclic adenosine dinucleotide phosphate (cADPR). We now report that in sea urchin egg homogenates, NAADP releases Ca2+ from a Ca2+ pool that is distinct from those that are sensitive to InsP3 and cADPR. This organelle has distinct Ca2+ uptake characteristics: it is insensitive to thapsigargin and cyclopiazoic acid, but maintenance of the pool shows some requirement for ATP. Although the different Ca2+ pools have different characteristics, there appears to be some degree of overlap or cross-talk between the NAADP- and cADPR/InsP3-sensitive Ca2+ pools. Ca(2+)-induced Ca2+ release is unlikely to account for the apparent overlap between stores, since NAADP-induced Ca2+ release, in contrast with that stimulated by cADPR, is not potentiated by bivalent cations.