Rosiglitazone treatment improves cardiac efficiency in hearts from diabetic mice.
How O-J., Larsen TS., Hafstad AD., Khalid A., Myhre ESP., Murray AJ., Boardman NT., Cole M., Clarke K., Severson DL., Aasum E.
Isolated perfused hearts from type 2 diabetic (db/db) mice show impaired ventricular function, as well as altered cardiac metabolism. Assessment of the relationship between myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO(2)) and ventricular pressure-volume area (PVA) has also demonstrated reduced cardiac efficiency in db/db hearts. We hypothesized that lowering the plasma fatty acid supply and subsequent normalization of altered cardiac metabolism by chronic treatment with a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonist will improve cardiac efficiency in db/db hearts. Rosiglitazone (23 mg/kg body weight/day) was administered as a food admixture to db/db mice for five weeks. Ventricular function and PVA were assessed using a miniaturized (1.4 Fr) pressure-volume catheter; MVO(2) was measured using a fibre-optic oxygen sensor. Chronic rosiglitazone treatment of db/db mice normalized plasma glucose and lipid concentrations, restored rates of cardiac glucose and fatty acid oxidation, and improved cardiac efficiency. The improved cardiac efficiency was due to a significant decrease in unloaded MVO(2), while contractile efficiency was unchanged. Rosiglitazone treatment also improved functional recovery after low-flow ischemia. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that in vivo PPARgamma-treatment restores cardiac efficiency and improves ventricular function in perfused hearts from type 2 diabetic mice.