Decrements in health-related quality of life associated with adverse events in people with diabetes.
Keng MJ., Leal J., Bowman L., Armitage J., Mihaylova B., ASCEND Study Collaborative Group None.
AIM: To estimate the decrements in health-related quality of life (QoL) associated with a range of adverse events to inform assessments of the effects of diabetes treatments on QoL in contemporary clinical practice. METHODS: Participants' QoL utility measures were derived from the five-level EuroQoL five-dimensional (EQ-5D-5L) questionnaires completed by 11 683 ASCEND participants (76% of 15 480 recruited). EQ-5D utility decrements associated with cardiovascular (myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, transient ischaemic attack [TIA], ischaemic stroke, heart failure), bleeding (gastrointestinal [GI] bleed, intracranial haemorrhage, other major bleed), cancer (GI tract cancer, non-GI tract cancer), and microvascular events (end-stage renal disease [ESRD], amputation) were estimated using a linear regression model following adjustment for participants' sociodemographic and clinical risk factors. RESULTS: Amputation was associated with the largest EQ-5D utility decrement (-0.206), followed by heart failure (-0.185), intracranial haemorrhage (-0.164), GI bleed (-0.091), other major bleed (-0.096), ischaemic stroke (-0.061), TIA (-0.057), and non-GI tract cancer (-0.026). We were unable to detect decrements in EQ-5D utility associated with myocardial infarction, coronary revascularization, GI tract cancer, or ESRD. EQ-5D utility was lower at older age, independent of other factors. CONCLUSION: These estimated decrements in QoL associated with cardiovascular, bleeding, cancer, and other adverse events can inform assessments of the overall value of treatments in patients with diabetes.