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It has been suggested that the apparent protective effect of alcohol intake on renal cell carcinoma may be due to the diluting effect of carcinogens by a high total fluid intake. We assessed the association between intakes of total fluids and of specific beverages on the risk of renal cell carcinoma in a large prospective cohort of UK women.

Original publication




Journal article


Br J Cancer

Publication Date





1487 - 1492


Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Clinical Medicine, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.


Adult, Aged, Alcohol Drinking, Beverages, Carcinoma, Renal Cell, Coffee, Cohort Studies, Confidence Intervals, Diet Surveys, Drinking, Female, Food Habits, Great Britain, Humans, Incidence, Kidney Neoplasms, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Odds Ratio, Proportional Hazards Models, Prospective Studies, Questionnaires, Tea, Water