Applications of artificial intelligence for patients with peripheral artery disease.
Lareyre F., Behrendt C-A., Chaudhuri A., Lee R., Carrier M., Adam C., Lê CD., Raffort J.
OBJECTIVE: Applications of artificial intelligence (AI) have been reported in several cardiovascular diseases but its interest in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD) has been so far less reported. The aim of this review was to summarize current knowledge on applications of AI in patients with PAD, to discuss current limits and highlight perspectives in the field. METHODS: We performed a narrative review based on studies reporting applications of AI in patients with PAD. The MEDLINE database was independently searched by two authors using a combination of keywords to identify studies published between January 1995 and December 2021. Three main fields of AI were investigated including natural language processing (NLP), computer vision and machine learning (ML). RESULTS: NLP and ML brought new tools to improve the screening, the diagnosis and classification of the severity of PAD. ML was also used to develop predictive models to better assess the prognosis of patients and develop real time prediction models to support clinical decision making. Studies related to computer vision mainly aimed at creating automatic detection and characterization of arterial lesions based on Doppler ultrasound or computed tomography angiography (CTA). Such tools could help to improve screening programs, enhance diagnosis, facilitate pre-surgical planning and improve clinical workflow. CONCLUSION: AI offers various applications to support and likely improve the management of patients with PAD. Further research efforts are needed to validate such applications and investigate their accuracy and safety in large multinational cohorts before their implementation in daily clinical practice.