Connecting single-nucleotide polymorphisms, glycosylation status, and interactions of plasma serine protease inhibitors
Wu D., Guo M., Robinson CV.
Understanding the combined impacts of genetic variances and post-translational modifications requires new approaches. Here, we delineate proteoforms of plasma serine protease inhibitors and relate specific proteoforms to their interactions in complexes through the use of native mass spectrometry (MS). First, we dissect the proteoform repertoire of an acute-phase plasma protein, serine protease inhibitor A1 (SERPINA1), resolving four SERPINA1 variants (M1V, M1A, M2, and M3) with common single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Investigating the glycosylation status of these variants and their ability to form complexes with a serine protease, elastase, we find that fucosylation stabilizes the interaction of the SERPINA1 M1V variant through its core fucosylation on Asn271. In contrast, antennary fucosylation on Asn271 destabilizes SERPINA1-elastase interactions. We unveil the same opposing effects of core and antennary fucosylation on SERPINA3 interactions with chymotrypsin. Together, our native MS results highlight the modulating effects of fucosylation with different linkages on glycoprotein interactions.