Systemic levels of endothelin correlate with systemic inflammation and not with myocardial injury or left ventricular ejection fraction in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting.
Cuculi F., Lim CCS., van Gaal W., Testa L., Westaby S., Arnold JR., Neubauer S., Banning AP.
Endothelin (ET-1) is a potent vasoconstrictor. We compared patterns of ET-1 in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and correlated it with markers of inflammation. Patients with multivessel disease were enrolled in a prospective randomized study of PCI vs. on-pump CABG. Procedural myocardial injury was assessed biochemically (CK-MB) and with new late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) one week postprocedure. ET-1 was measured at baseline, 1 h, 6 h, 12 h, 24 h and one week postprocedure. Log ET-1 values were compared between PCI and CABG and between patients without significant myocardial injury. Measurement of ET-1 values was performed in 36 PCI and 31 CABG patients. Baseline ET-1 values were similar between PCI and CABG patients (0.91 ± 0.36 vs. 1.0 ± 49 pg/ml, P = 0.38). Peak values were reached at 1 h in PCI and at 24 h in CABG patients and patients undergoing CABG had significantly higher log ET-1 values at 6 h, 12 h and 24 h. ET-1 did not correlate with biochemical or morphological markers of myocardial injury or change of left ventricular ejection fraction (LV-EF) but good linear correlation between max logET-1 and max logCRP was found (r = 0.44, P = 0.0002). ET-1 rise is more pronounced in on-pump CABG and ET-1 production could be driven by periprocedural inflammatory reaction.