Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

There is evidence from studies, in both animals and humans, that 5-HT3 receptor blockade has potential value in the treatment of irritable bowel syndrome, particularly in those patients with diarrhoea-predominant bowel habits. New findings suggest that 5-HT3 receptors exist on gut afferent neurones and that their activation by locally released 5-HT leads to visceral nociceptive stimulation, in addition to increased neuronally-mediated motor and secretory activity. If this concept is validated, it will provide a rationale for the use of 5-HT3 receptor antagonists in patients with increased gut motility, reduced fluid absorption and low nociceptive thresholds leading to abdominal pain. Alosetron is a highly selective, potent 5-HT3 receptor antagonist which is well absorbed with a long pharmacodynamic half-life. Its ability to provide long-lasting blockade of 5-HT3 receptors throughout the body make it an ideal candidate within its class to evaluate the clinical hypothesis that sustained and ubiquitous 5-HT3 receptor blockade is of value in the treatment of IBS.

Type

Journal article

Journal

Aliment Pharmacol Ther

Publication Date

05/1999

Volume

13 Suppl 2

Pages

31 - 38

Keywords

Animals, Carbolines, Colonic Diseases, Functional, Humans, Intestines, Receptors, Serotonin, Serotonin Antagonists