Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Class I histone deacetylases (HDAC1, HDAC2, and HDAC3) are recruited by cognate corepressor proteins into specific transcriptional repression complexes that target HDAC activity to chromatin resulting in chromatin condensation and transcriptional silencing. We previously reported the structure of HDAC3 in complex with the SMRT corepressor. This structure revealed the presence of inositol-tetraphosphate [Ins(1,4,5,6)P4] at the interface of the two proteins. It was previously unclear whether the role of Ins(1,4,5,6)P4 is to act as a structural cofactor or a regulator of HDAC3 activity. Here we report the structure of HDAC1 in complex with MTA1 from the NuRD complex. The ELM2-SANT domains from MTA1 wrap completely around HDAC1 occupying both sides of the active site such that the adjacent BAH domain is ideally positioned to recruit nucleosomes to the active site of the enzyme. Functional assays of both the HDAC1 and HDAC3 complexes reveal that Ins(1,4,5,6)P4 is a bona fide conserved regulator of class I HDAC complexes.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.molcel.2013.05.020

Type

Journal article

Journal

Mol Cell

Publication Date

11/07/2013

Volume

51

Pages

57 - 67

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Dimerization, HEK293 Cells, Histone Deacetylase 1, Histone Deacetylases, Humans, Inositol Phosphates, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Protein Folding, Protein Structure, Tertiary, Repressor Proteins, Substrate Specificity