Protective effect of the specific endothelin-1 antagonist BQ610 on mechanical function and energy metabolism during ischemia/reperfusion injury in isolated perfused rat hearts.
Illing B., Horn M., Han H., Hahn S., Bureik P., Ertl G., Neubauer S.
Endothelin-1 (ET-1) has been suggested to be involved in the pathophysiology of ischemia/reperfusion injury, but direct proof for this is still sparse. We tested whether protection of high-energy phosphate metabolism contributes to the beneficial effects of ETA receptor antagonists during ischemia/reperfusion. In isolated, buffer-perfused rat hearts, isovolumic function was measured by a left ventricular (LV) balloon, and 31P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra were continuously recorded. Two protocols were performed: (a) 15-min control, 30-min total, global ischemia, and 15-min reperfusion; and (b) 15-min control, 15-min total, global ischemia, and 30-min reperfusion. Treatment with BQ610 (1.75 micrograms/min) or saline was started during control and continued throughout the protocol. BQ610 did not affect function or energy metabolism under control conditions. In BQ610-treated hearts subjected to 30-min ischemia, time to ischemic contracture was significantly delayed (treated 10.6 +/- 0.4 min; untreated 8.1 +/- 0.7 min), and end-diastolic pressure (EDP) remained lower (after 30-min ischemia 26 +/- 2 vs. 35 +/- 2 mm Hg). In addition, recovery of mechanical function in BQ610-treated hearts was accelerated during reperfusion. BQ610 did not affect ATP but significantly accelerated and increased creatine phosphate (51 +/- 7 vs. 37 +/- 3%) recovery on reperfusion after 30-min ischemia. BQ610-treated hearts subjected to 15-min ischemia also showed lower EDP during ischemia and accelerated recovery of mechanical function during reperfusion. However, in this case, there were no differences in high-energy phosphate concentrations between treated and untreated hearts. We conclude that the protective action of BQ610 on mechanical function during ischemia/reperfusion injury can be but is not consistently associated with beneficial effects on cardiac high-energy phosphate metabolism.