Discovery of an orally bioavailable NK1 receptor antagonist, (2S,3S)-(2-methoxy-5-tetrazol-1-ylbenzyl)(2-phenylpiperidin-3-yl)amine (GR203040), with potent antiemetic activity.
Ward P., Armour DR., Bays DE., Evans B., Giblin GM., Heron N., Hubbard T., Liang K., Middlemiss D., Mordaunt J.
The antiemetic, pharmacokinetic, and metabolic profile of CP-99,994, a potent NK1 receptor antagonist, has been carefully evaluated. As a result we began a medicinal chemistry program which initially identified a 3-furanyl analogue (6) with improved antiemetic potency and a methyl sulfone (5) with enhanced metabolic stability and oral bioavailability. The improved pharmacokinetic profile of methyl sulfone (5) was associated with its low lipophilicity, and a therefore a number of heterocyclic analogues with reduced log D were synthesized. Out of this program emerged 19 (GR203040), a tetrazolyl-substituted analogue. Tetrazole 19 inhibits radiation-induced emesis in the ferret with high potency when administered both subcutaneously and orally, has a long duration of action, and has high oral bioavailability in the dog. Tetrazole 19 is currently undergoing evaluation as a novel approach for the control of emesis associated with, for example, cancer chemotherapy.