The -491 A/T polymorphism in the regulatory region of the apolipoprotein E gene and early-onset Alzheimer's disease.
Roks G., Cruts M., Bullido MJ., Backhovens H., Artiga MJ., Hofman A., Valdivieso F., Van Broeckhoven C., Van Duijn CM.
The -491 polymorphism in the promoter region of the apolipoprotein E gene (APOE) has been suggested to be associated with increased risk for Alzheimer's disease (AD) independent of APOE status. We studied the association between the -491 polymorphism and risk for early-onset Alzheimer's disease in 99 Dutch and 78 Spanish patients. In patients with early-onset AD, we found no consistent relationship with a single allele of the -491 polymorphism. Linkage disequilibrium between the polymorphism and the APOE gene was found which most likely might explain the inconsistent findings.