Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence of myocilin (MYOC) mutations in a population-based sample of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) cases and to describe a family with both juvenile and adult onset OAG caused by a mutation in MYOC. METHODS: MYOC was screened in cases derived from the Rotterdam Study in the Netherlands. Definite OAG was defined as a glaucomatous optic neuropathy together with a glaucomatous visual field defect. Upon the identification of the Asn480Lys mutation in one case, seven additional family members were studied. To test for a founder effect with earlier reported families with this mutation, the haplotypes of MYOC flanking markers D1S2851, D1S242, D1S218, and D1S1165 were compared. RESULTS: Seven sequence alterations in MYOC were found in 14 of 47 OAG cases; six of these were also found in controls. In one case, an Asn480Lys mutation was found. In relatives of the latter patient, the phenotype ranged from a glaucomatous optic neuropathy without visual field defect in a 70-year-old patient to severely affected optic discs and a remaining temporal remnant in a 34-year-old patient; those without the mutation had no signs of OAG. Haplotype analysis suggested a different origin of the mutation. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of MYOC mutations (2.2%) was similar to that found in hospital-based studies. Although mutations in MYOC are rare, relatives carrying this mutation run a high risk of developing the disease. Instead of submitting all members of a family with the Asn480Lys mutation to frequent follow-up, medical care can be restricted to those carrying the mutation.

Original publication

DOI

10.1007/s00417-002-0455-1

Type

Journal article

Journal

Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol

Publication Date

06/2002

Volume

240

Pages

468 - 474

Keywords

Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Cytoskeletal Proteins, DNA Mutational Analysis, Eye Proteins, Female, Glaucoma, Open-Angle, Glycoproteins, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Netherlands, Pedigree, Point Mutation, Prevalence