Membrane Protein-Lipid Interactions Probed Using Mass Spectrometry.
Bolla JR., Agasid MT., Mehmood S., Robinson CV.
Membrane proteins that exist in lipid bilayers are not isolated molecular entities. The lipid molecules that surround them play crucial roles in maintaining their full structural and functional integrity. Research directed at investigating these critical lipid-protein interactions is developing rapidly. Advancements in both instrumentation and software, as well as in key biophysical and biochemical techniques, are accelerating the field. In this review, we provide a brief outline of structural techniques used to probe protein-lipid interactions and focus on the molecular aspects of these interactions obtained from native mass spectrometry (native MS). We highlight examples in which lipids have been shown to modulate membrane protein structure and show how native MS has emerged as a complementary technique to X-ray crystallography and cryo-electron microscopy. We conclude with a short perspective on future developments that aim to better understand protein-lipid interactions in the native environment. Expected final online publication date for the Annual Review of Biochemistry Volume 88 is June 20, 2019. Please see http://www.annualreviews.org/page/journal/pubdates for revised estimates.