Nitric oxide suppresses cerebral vasomotion by sGC-independent effects on ryanodine receptors and voltage-gated calcium channels.
Yuill KH., McNeish AJ., Kansui Y., Garland CJ., Dora KA.
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In cerebral arteries, nitric oxide (NO) release plays a key role in suppressing vasomotion. Our aim was to establish the pathways affected by NO in rat middle cerebral arteries. METHODS: In isolated segments of artery, isometric tension and simultaneous measurements of either smooth muscle membrane potential or intracellular [Ca(2+)] ([Ca(2+)](SMC)) changes were recorded. RESULTS: In the absence of L-NAME, asynchronous propagating Ca(2+) waves were recorded that were sensitive to block with ryanodine, but not nifedipine. L-NAME stimulated pronounced vasomotion and synchronous Ca(2+) oscillations with close temporal coupling between membrane potential, tone and [Ca(2+)](SMC). If nifedipine was applied together with L-NAME, [Ca(2+)](SMC) decreased and synchronous Ca(2+) oscillations were lost, but asynchronous propagating Ca(2+) waves persisted. Vasomotion was similarly evoked by either iberiotoxin, or by ryanodine, and to a lesser extent by ODQ. Exogenous application of NONOate stimulated endothelium-independent hyperpolarization and relaxation of either L-NAME-induced or spontaneous arterial tone. NO-evoked hyperpolarization involved activation of BK(Ca) channels via ryanodine receptors (RYRs), with little involvement of sGC. Further, in whole cell mode, NO inhibited current through L-type voltage-gated Ca(2+) channels (VGCC), which was independent of both voltage and sGC. CONCLUSION: NO exerts sGC-independent actions at RYRs and at VGCC, both of which normally suppress cerebral artery myogenic tone.