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A rise in cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration is used as a universal signalling mechanism to control biological processes as diverse as exocytosis, contraction, cell growth and cell death. Ca(2+) signals are often presented to cells in the form of Ca(2+) oscillations, with signalling information encoded in both amplitude and frequency of the Ca(2+) spikes. Recent studies have revealed that the sub-cellular spatial profile of the Ca(2+) oscillation is also important in activating cellular responses, thereby suggesting a new mechanism for extracting information from the ubiquitous Ca(2+) oscillation.

Original publication




Journal article


Trends Biochem Sci

Publication Date





78 - 87


Animals, Calcium, Calcium Channels, Calcium Signaling, Calmodulin, Cytosol, Humans