Dual transcriptomic and molecular machine learning predicts all major clinical forms of drug cardiotoxicity
Mamoshina P., BUENO OROVIO A., RODRIGUEZ B.
Computational methods can increase productivity of drug discovery pipelines, through overcoming challenges such as cardiotoxicity identification. We demonstrate prediction and preservation of cardiotoxic relationships for six drug-induced cardiotoxicity types using a machine learning approach on a large collected and curated dataset of transcriptional and molecular profiles (1,131 drugs, 35% with known cardiotoxicities, and 9,933 samples). The algorithm generality is demonstrated through validation in an independent drug dataset, in addition to cross-validation. The best prediction attains an average accuracy of 79% in area under the curve (AUC) for safe versus risky drugs, across all six cardiotoxicity types on validation and 66% on the unseen set of drugs. Individual cardiotoxicities for specific drug types are also predicted with high accuracy, including cardiac disorder signs and symptoms for a previously unseen set of anti-inflammatory agents (AUC=80%) and heart failures for an unseen set of anti-neoplastic agents (AUC=76%). Besides, independent testing on transcriptional data from the Drug Toxicity Signature Generation Center (DToxS) produces similar results in terms of accuracy and shows an average AUC of 72% for previously seen drugs and 60% for unseen respectively. Given the ubiquitous manifestation of multiple drug adverse effects in every human organ, the methodology is expected to be applicable to additional tissue-specific side effects beyond cardiotoxicity