Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Creatine kinase (CK) plays a crucial role in myocardial energy metabolism. Alterations in CK gene expression are found in hypertrophied and failing heart, but the mechanisms behind these changes are unclear. This study tests the hypothesis that increased adrenergic stimulation, which is observed in heart failure, induces changes of myocardial CK-activity, -isoenzyme distribution and -gene expression that are characteristic of the failing and hypertrophied heart. Isolated rat hearts were perfused (constant pressure of 80 mmHg) with red cell suspensions. Following a 20-min warm-up period, perfusion for 3 h with 10(-8) M (iso 3 h) or without (control 3 h) isoproterenol was started or experiments were immediately terminated (control 0 h). Left ventricular tissue was analyzed for total CK-activity, CK-isoenzyme distribution and, by use of quantitative RT-PCR, for B-CK, M-CK, mito-CK and GAPDH- (as internal standard) mRNA. After beta-adrenergic stimulation (iso 3 h) but not after control perfusion (control 3 h) a roughly threefold increase in B-CK mRNA levels and a decrease in M-CK mRNA levels by 18% was found. There were no significant differences among the three groups in total CK-activity and in distribution of CK-MM, CK-BB, CK-MB and mito-CK. Thus, beta-adrenergic stimulation induces a switch in CK gene expression from M-CK to B-CK, which is characteristic for the hypertrophied and failing heart. This may be interpreted as an adaptive mechanism making energy transduction via CK more efficient at times of increased metabolic demand.


Journal article


Biochim Biophys Acta

Publication Date





471 - 480


Adrenergic beta-Agonists, Animals, Cardiomegaly, Creatine Kinase, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, In Vitro Techniques, Isoenzymes, Isoproterenol, Male, Models, Animal, Myocardium, Perfusion, RNA, Messenger, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Ventricular Function, Left