Figure 3 from Prospective Analysis Reveals Associations between Carbohydrate Intakes, Genetic Predictors of Short-Chain Fatty Acid Synthesis, and Colorectal Cancer Risk
Watling CZ., Kelly RK., Murphy N., Gunter M., Piernas C., Bradbury KE., Schmidt JA., Key TJ., Perez-Cornago A.
<p>Multivariable-adjusted hazard ratios (95% CI) for intake of carbohydrates and fiber and colorectal cancer risk separated by genetically predicted host short-chain fatty acid production for butyrate (<b>A</b>) and propionate (<i>n</i> = 87,417; <b>B</b>). All models are stratified by sex, age at recruitment, adjusted for region of recruitment, first 10 genetic principal components, body mass index, height, physical activity, Townsend deprivation index, education, smoking, alcohol consumption, diabetes status, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use, red and processed meat intake, fruit and vegetable intake (except when fiber from vegetables and/or fruits, and non-free sugar intake was the exposure), energy intake, and female-specific covariates: menopausal hormone therapy use and menopausal status. Analyses are restricted to white British participants. χ<sup>2</sup> and <i>P</i> value represents improvement of fit obtained from likelihood ratio tests for including an interaction term between butyrate or propionate polygenic score and carbohydrate type/source (modeled as a 5% energy increment) or fiber source (modeled as a 5 gram/day increment) into the model.</p>