Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

ApoB RNA-editing enzyme (APOBEC-1) is a cytidine deaminase. Molecular modeling and mutagenesis show that APOBEC-1 is related in quaternary and tertiary structure to Escherichia coli cytidine deaminase (ECCDA). Both enzymes form a homodimer with composite active sites constructed with contributions from each monomer. Significant gaps are present in the APOBEC-1 sequence, compared to ECCDA. The combined mass of the gaps (10 kDa) matches that for the minimal RNA substrate. Their location in ECCDA suggests how APOBEC-1 can be reshaped to accommodate an RNA substrate. In this model, the asymmetrical binding to one active site of a downstream U (equivalent to the deamination product) helps target the other active site for deamination of the upstream C substrate.

Original publication




Journal article


Journal of Molecular Biology


Academic Press

Publication Date





695 - 714


Amino Acid Sequence Apolipoproteins B/*genetics/metabolism Binding Sites Cytidine Deaminase/genetics/*metabolism Escherichia coli/*enzymology/genetics *Models, Molecular Molecular Sequence Data *RNA Editing RNA, Bacterial/*metabolism Sequence Alignment Sequence Homology, Amino Acid Substrate Specificity Support, Non-U.S. Gov't