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This study aims at identifying risk-related patterns of left ventricular contraction dynamics via novel volume transient characterization. A multicenter cohort of AMI survivors (n = 1021) who underwent Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) after infarction was considered for the study. The clinical endpoint was the 12-month rate of major adverse cardiac events (MACE, n = 73), consisting of all-cause death, reinfarction, and new congestive heart failure. Cardiac function was characterized from CMR in 3 potential directions: by (1) volume temporal transients (i.e. contraction dynamics); (2) feature tracking strain analysis (i.e. bulk tissue peak contraction); and (3) 3D shape analysis (i.e. 3D contraction morphology). A fully automated pipeline was developed to extract conventional and novel artificial-intelligence-derived metrics of cardiac contraction, and their relationship with MACE was investigated. Any of the 3 proposed directions demonstrated its additional prognostic value on top of established CMR indexes, myocardial injury markers, basic characteristics, and cardiovascular risk factors (P < 0.001). The combination of these 3 directions of enhancement towards a final CMR risk model improved MACE prediction by 13% compared to clinical baseline (0.774 (0.771-0.777) vs. 0.683 (0.681-0.685) cross-validated AUC, P < 0.001). The study evidences the contribution of the novel contraction characterization, enabled by a fully automated pipeline, to post-infarction assessment.

Original publication




Journal article


Scientific reports


Springer Nature

Publication Date





8951 - 8951


Humans, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine, Predictive Value of Tests, Prognosis, Risk Assessment, Risk Factors, ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction, Stroke Volume, Ventricular Function, Left