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Dissecting how genetic and environmental influences impact on learning is helpful for maximizing numeracy and literacy. Here we show, using twin and genome-wide analysis, that there is a substantial genetic component to children's ability in reading and mathematics, and estimate that around one half of the observed correlation in these traits is due to shared genetic effects (so-called Generalist Genes). Thus, our results highlight the potential role of the learning environment in contributing to differences in a child's cognitive abilities at age twelve.

Original publication

DOI

10.1038/ncomms5204

Type

Journal article

Journal

Nat Commun

Publication Date

08/07/2014

Volume

5

Keywords

Child, Dyslexia, Female, Genetics, Population, Genome-Wide Association Study, Humans, Learning, Male, Mathematics, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Quantitative Trait, Heritable, Reading, Twins, United Kingdom