Spatial signaling networks converge at the adaptor protein Shc.
Sweet DT., Tzima E.
Endothelial cells, which are located at the interface between the blood and the vessel wall, respond dynamically to a variety of stimuli initiating signaling cascades that regulate cardiovascular development, physiology and pathology. These inputs include soluble factors that bind to their receptors, integrin-matrix interactions, cell-cell contacts and mechanical forces due to the flowing blood. While these stimuli can mediate unique downstream signals, it is well-accepted that signaling pathways are highly interwoven into complex signaling networks with several levels of cross-talk, integration and coordination. Recent studies suggest that several signaling networks coalesce at the adaptor protein Shc.