Observation of sequence specificity in the seeding of protein amyloid fibrils.
Krebs MRH., Morozova-Roche LA., Daniel K., Robinson CV., Dobson CM.
It is well established that the rate of formation of fibrils by amyloidogenic proteins is enhanced by the addition of preformed fibrils, a phenomenon known as seeding. We show that the efficiency of seeding fibril formation from solutions of hen lysozyme by a series of other proteins depends strongly on the similarity of their sequences. This observation is consistent with the importance of long-range interactions in stabilizing the core structure of amyloid fibrils and may be associated with the existence of a species barrier observed in the transmissible spongiform encephalopathies. In addition, it is consistent with the observation of a single dominant type of protein in the deposits associated with each form of amyloid disease.