Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

The chaperonin GroEL binds folding intermediates of four-disulfidehen lysozyme transiently within its central cavity. Using stopped flow fluorescence we show that GroEL binds early intermediates in folding and accelerates the slow kinetic phase that reflects the reversal of non-native interactions involving tryptophan residues and the formation of the native state. Pulsed hydrogen exchange monitored by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry demonstrates that GroEL does not alter the folding mechanism, nor are protected species unfolded by the chaperonin. The data suggest a mechanism for GroEL-assisted folding in which the reorganization of non-native tertiary interactions is facilitated but domain folding is unperturbed.

Original publication




Journal article


Nat Struct Biol

Publication Date





683 - 690


Animals, Chaperonin 60, Chick Embryo, Dose-Response Relationship, Drug, Kinetics, Mass Spectrometry, Models, Biological, Muramidase, Protein Folding, Time Factors