Cookies on this website
We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Continue' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Ribosomes have a characteristic protuberance termed the stalk, which is indispensable for ribosomal function. The ribosomal stalk has long been believed to be a pentameric protein complex composed of two sets of protein dimers, L12-L12, bound to a single anchor protein, although ribosomes carrying three L12 dimers were recently discovered in a few thermophilic bacteria. Here we have characterized the stalk complex from Pyrococcus horikoshii, a thermophilic species of Archaea. This complex is known to be composed of proteins homologous to eukaryotic counterparts rather than bacterial ones. In truncation experiments of the C-terminal regions of the anchor protein Ph-P0, we surprisingly observed three Ph-L12 dimers bound to the C-terminal half of Ph-P0, and the binding site for the third dimer was unique to the archaeal homologs. The stoichiometry of the heptameric complex Ph-P0(Ph-L12)(2)(Ph-L12)(2)(Ph-L12)(2) was confirmed by mass spectrometry of the intact complex. In functional tests, ribosomes carrying a single Ph-L12 dimer had significant activity, but the addition of the second and third dimers increased the activity. A bioinformatics analysis revealed the evidence that ribosomes from all archaeal and also from many bacterial organisms may contain a heptameric complex at the stalk, whereas eukaryotic ribosomes seem to contain exclusively a pentameric stalk complex, thus modifying our view of the stalk structure significantly.

Original publication

DOI

10.1074/jbc.M705412200

Type

Journal article

Journal

J Biol Chem

Publication Date

09/11/2007

Volume

282

Pages

32827 - 32833

Keywords

Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Archaeal Proteins, Conserved Sequence, Dimerization, Humans, Molecular Sequence Data, Phylogeny, Protein Binding, Pyrococcus horikoshii, RNA, Ribosomal, Ribosomes, Sequence Alignment, Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization