ICM+: software for on-line analysis of bedside monitoring data after severe head trauma.
Smielewski P., Czosnyka M., Steiner L., Belestri M., Piechnik S., Pickard JD.
ICM software was developed in 1986 in Warsaw, Poland and has been in use at the University of Cambridge Neurocritical Care Unit for 10 years collecting data from bed-side monitors in nearly 600 severely head injured patients and calculating secondary indices describing cerebral autoregulation and pressure-volume compensation. The new software ICM+ includes a much extended calculation engine that allows easy configuration and on-line trending of complex parameters. The program records raw signals, and calculates time trends of summary parameters. Configuration and analysis utilises arithmetic expressions of signal processing functions to calculate various statistical properties for each signal, frequency spectrums and derivatives, as well as correlations/cross-correlations between signals. The software allows configuration of several levels of analysis before calculating the final time trends. The final data are displayed in a variety of ways including simple time trends, as well as time window based histograms, cross histograms, correlations etc. All this allows complex information coming off the bed-side monitors to be summarized in a concise fashion and presented to medical and nursing staff in a simple way that alerts them to the development of various pathological processes. The system provides a universal tool for clinical and academic purposes. Its flexibility and advanced signal processing is specialized for the needs of multidisciplinary brain monitoring.