Properties of mutant contractile proteins that cause hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Redwood CS., Moolman-Smook JC., Watkins H.
Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is one of the most frequently occurring inherited cardiac disorders, affecting up to 1 in 500 of the population. Molecular genetic analysis has shown that HCM is a disease of the sarcomere, caused by mutations in certain contractile protein genes. To date seven disease-associated genes have been identified, those encoding beta-myosin heavy chain, both regulatory and essential myosin light chains, myosin binding protein-C, cardiac troponin T, cardiac troponin I and alpha-tropomyosin. Here we review the analyses of how these mutations affect the in vitro contractile protein function and the hypotheses derived to explain the development of the disease state.