Effects of two hypertrophic cardiomyopathy mutations in alpha-tropomyosin, Asp175Asn and Glu180Gly, on Ca2+ regulation of thin filament motility.
Bing W., Redwood CS., Purcell IF., Esposito G., Watkins H., Marston SB.
The functional properties of wild type alpha-tropomyosin expressed in E. coli with an alanine-serine N-terminal leader (AS-alpha-Tm) were compared with those of AS-alpha-Tm with either of two missense mutations (Asp175Asn and Glu180Gly) shown to cause familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC). Wild type AS-alpha-Tm and AS-alpha-Tm(Asp175Asn) binding to actin was indistinguishable from rabbit skeletal muscle ab-tropomyosin whilst the affinity of AS-alpha-Tm(Glu180Gly) was about threefold weaker. In vitro motility assays were performed with AS-alpha-tropomyosin incorporated into skeletal muscle actin-rhodamine phalloidin filaments moving over skeletal muscle heavy meromyosin. Under relaxing conditions (pCa9), troponin added to actin filaments containing AS-alpha-tropomyosin or mutant tropomyosins resulted in normal switch-off, with a decrease in the fraction filaments moving from >80% to <20%. Under activating conditions (pCa5), troponin had a minor effect upon actin-AS-alpha-tropomyosin filament velocity (increased by 5 +/- 1%, n=10), whereas the velocity increased by 18 +/- 3% (n=7) with actin filaments containing AS-alpha-tropomyosin(Asp175Asn) and by 21 +/- 2% (n=8) with filaments containing AS-alpha-tropomyosin(Glu180Gly) (p<0.05 compared with AS-alpha-tropomyosin). Thus FHC mutations in alpha-tropomyosin produce detectable changes in the Ca2+-regulation of thin filaments, presumably via altered interaction with troponin.