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Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) and cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) are Ca2+-mobilizing messengers important for modulating cardiac excitation-contraction coupling and pathophysiology. CD38, which belongs to the ADP-ribosyl cyclase family, catalyzes synthesis of both NAADP and cADPR in vitro However, it remains unclear whether this is the main enzyme for their production under physiological conditions. Here we show that membrane fractions from WT but not CD38-/- mouse hearts supported NAADP and cADPR synthesis. Membrane permeabilization of cardiac myocytes with saponin and/or Triton X-100 increased NAADP synthesis, indicating that intracellular CD38 contributes to NAADP production. The permeabilization also permitted immunostaining of CD38, with a striated pattern in WT myocytes, whereas CD38-/- myocytes and nonpermeabilized WT myocytes showed little or no staining, without striation. A component of β-adrenoreceptor signaling in the heart involves NAADP and lysosomes. Accordingly, in the presence of isoproterenol, Ca2+ transients and contraction amplitudes were smaller in CD38-/- myocytes than in the WT. In addition, suppressing lysosomal function with bafilomycin A1 reduced the isoproterenol-induced increase in Ca2+ transients in cardiac myocytes from WT but not CD38-/- mice. Whole hearts isolated from CD38-/- mice and exposed to isoproterenol showed reduced arrhythmias. SAN4825, an ADP-ribosyl cyclase inhibitor that reduces cADPR and NAADP synthesis in mouse membrane fractions, was shown to bind to CD38 in docking simulations and reduced the isoproterenol-induced arrhythmias in WT hearts. These observations support generation of NAADP and cADPR by intracellular CD38, which contributes to effects of β-adrenoreceptor stimulation to increase both Ca2+ transients and the tendency to disturb heart rhythm.

Original publication




Journal article


The Journal of biological chemistry

Publication Date





13243 - 13257


From the Department of Pharmacology, University of Oxford, Mansfield Road, Oxford OX1 3QT, United Kingdom.


Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, Heart, Cells, Cultured, Myocytes, Cardiac, Animals, Mice, Inbred C57BL, Mice, Knockout, Rabbits, NADP, Cyclic ADP-Ribose, Membrane Glycoproteins, Adrenergic beta-Agonists, Anti-Arrhythmia Agents, Enzyme Inhibitors, Detergents, Cell Membrane Permeability, Calcium Signaling, Protein Transport, Myocardial Contraction, Male, Antigens, CD38, Single-Cell Analysis, Molecular Docking Simulation, In Vitro Techniques