Lack of endothelin ETB receptor-mediated smooth muscle hyperpolarization in rat mesenteric resistance arteries.
Waldron GJ., Roach AG., Garland CJ.
The presence of functional endothelin ETB receptors was investigated in rat isolated mesenteric resistance arteries. Neither endothelin-3 (0.1-100 nM) nor the endothelin ETB selective agonists sarafotoxin S6c and BQ 3020 (both 1-100 nM) induced any measurable hyperpolarization or relaxation in stimulated (alpha 1-adrenoceptor agonist; phenylephrine) or unstimulated arteries. In both cases, the subsequent addition of acetylcholine (1 microM) hyperpolarized the membrane potential by 10-20 mV and totally reversed any contraction which was present. These results indicate that the endothelin ETB-mediated vasodilatation observed in the intact mesenteric bed does not reflect hyperpolarization of smooth muscle cells in resistance arteries arising from the mesenteric artery.