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IGFs are important regulators of pancreatic beta-cell development, growth, and maintenance. Mutations in the IGF genes have been found to be associated with type 2 diabetes, myocardial infarction, birth weight, and obesity. These associations could result from changes in insulin secretion. We have analyzed glucose-stimulated insulin secretion using hyperglycemic clamps in carriers of a CA repeat in the IGF-I promoter and an ApaI polymorphism in the IGF-II gene. Normal and impaired glucose-tolerant subjects (n = 237) were independently recruited from three different populations in the Netherlands and Germany to allow independent replication of associations. Both first- and second-phase insulin secretion were not significantly different between the various IGF-I or IGF-II genotypes. Remarkably, noncarriers of the IGF-I CA repeat allele had both a reduced insulin sensitivity index (ISI) and disposition index (DI), suggesting an altered balance between insulin secretion and insulin action. Other diabetes-related parameters were not significantly different for both the IGF-I and IGF-II gene variant. We conclude that gene variants in the IGF-I and IGF-II genes are not associated with detectable variations in glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in these three independent populations. Further studies are needed to examine the exact contributions of the IGF-I CA repeat alleles to variations in ISI and DI.

Original publication

DOI

10.2337/diabetes.53.2007.s26

Type

Conference paper

Publication Date

02/2004

Volume

53 Suppl 1

Pages

S26 - S30

Keywords

Adult, Alleles, Blood Glucose, Cohort Studies, Female, Genetic Variation, Germany, Glucose Clamp Technique, Humans, Insulin, Insulin Secretion, Insulin-Like Growth Factor I, Insulin-Like Growth Factor II, Male, Middle Aged, Netherlands, Reproducibility of Results