Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

Studies investigating the association between cytochrome P450 2E1 (CYP2E1) 5'-flanking region (PstI/RsaI) polymorphism and gastric cancer risk report conflicting results. The rationale for this meta-analysis was to determine whether CYP2E1*2 (c2) variant allele of CYP2E1 increases gastric cancer risk, especially by interacting with smoking, alcohol and other metabolic gene polymorphisms. Two investigators independently searched the Medline and Embase databases. A qualitative scoring of papers was applied to their evaluation. Authors of the identified papers were contacted to obtain data on the mentioned co-exposures. A measurement of the biological interaction among two putative risk factors was estimated by the attributable proportion (AP) due to interaction. We identified 13 case-control studies, which included 2066 gastric cancer cases and 2754 controls. Using the random effects model, we found no association between PstI/RsaI genotype and gastric cancer risk [odds ratio (OR) = 0.97 (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.79-1.18) for c2 allele carriers and OR = 1.36 (95% CI: 0.82-2.25) for c2 homozygotes compared with homozygotes wild-type]. When only high-quality scored studies were considered, a statistically significant increased risk appeared among Asians [OR = 1.50 (95% CI: 1.16-1.94) for c2 carriers and OR = 2.62 (95% CI: 1.23-5.57) for c2 homozygotes]. No interaction was detected between CYP2E1-smoking/alcohol (AP = 0), while an AP of 60% appeared for individuals both c2 homozygotes and glutathione S-transferase M1 (GSTM1) null compared with both homozygotes wild-type. This meta-analysis suggests that the CYP2E1 PstI/RsaI polymorphism may be a risk factor for gastric cancer in Asians, and that a synergic relation among GSTM1 and CYP2E1 may account for a proportion of gastric cancer cases.

Original publication




Journal article



Publication Date





101 - 106


Case-Control Studies, Cytochrome P-450 CYP2E1, Deoxyribonucleases, Type II Site-Specific, Ethanol, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genotype, Glutathione Transferase, Humans, Polymorphism, Genetic, Risk Factors, Smoking, Stomach Neoplasms, Tobacco