Hereditary frontotemporal dementia is linked to chromosome 17q21-q22: a genetic and clinicopathological study of three Dutch families.
Heutink P., Stevens M., Rizzu P., Bakker E., Kros JM., Tibben A., Niermeijer MF., van Duijn CM., Oostra BA., van Swieten JC.
Hereditary frontotemporal dementia (HFTD) is a rare autosomal dominant form of presenile dementia characterized by behavioral changes and reduced speech. Three multigeneration kindreds with this condition, in the Netherlands, were investigated for clinicopathological comparison and linkage analysis. Frontotemporal atrophy on computed tomographic scanning and/or magnetic resonance imaging was usually present. Single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) showed frontal hypoperfusion in the early phase of the disease. Brain tissue showed moderate to severe atrophy of frontal and temporal cortex with neuronal loss, gliosis, and spongiosis. Pick bodies were lacking in all cases of the 3 families. The mean age of onset varied significantly between families. We report here evidence for linkage to chromosome 17q21-q22 with a maximum lod score of 4.70 at theta = 0.05 with the marker D17S932. Recombination analysis positions the gene for HFTD in a region of approximately 5 cM between markers D17S946 and D17S791. Three other neurodegenerative disorders with a strong clinical and pathological resemblance have recently been mapped to the same chromosomal region, suggesting that a group of clinically related neurodegenerative disorders may originate from mutations in the same gene.