Cookies on this website

We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you click 'Accept all cookies' we'll assume that you are happy to receive all cookies and you won't see this message again. If you click 'Reject all non-essential cookies' only necessary cookies providing core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility will be enabled. Click 'Find out more' for information on how to change your cookie settings.

OBJECTIVES: This study sought to investigate the clinical utility and the predictive relevance of absolute rest myocardial blood flow (MBF) by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) in acute myocardial infarction. BACKGROUND: Microvascular obstruction (MVO) remains one of the worst prognostic factors in patients with reperfused ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). Clinical trials have focused on cardioprotective strategies to maintain microvascular functionality, but there is a need for a noninvasive test to determine their efficacy. METHODS: A total of 64 STEMI patients post-primary percutaneous coronary intervention underwent 3-T CMR scans acutely and at 6 months (6M). The protocol included cine function, T2-weighted edema imaging, pre-contrast T1 mapping, rest first-pass perfusion, and late gadolinium enhancement imaging. Segmental MBF, corrected for rate pressure product (MBFcor), was quantified in remote, edematous, and infarcted myocardium. RESULTS: Acute MBFcor was significantly reduced in infarcted myocardium compared with remote MBF (MBFinfarct 0.76 ± 0.20 ml/min/g vs. MBFremote 1.02 ± 0.21 ml/min/g, p < 0.001), but it significantly increased at 6M (MBFinfarct 0.76 ± 0.20 ml/min/g acute vs. 0.85 ± 0.22 ml/min/g at 6M, p < 0.001). On a segmental basis, acute MBFcor had incremental prognostic value for infarct size at 6M (odds of no LGE at 6M increased by 1.4:1 [p < 0.001] for each 0.1 ml/min/g increase of acute MBFcor) and functional recovery (odds of wall thickening >45% at 6M increased by 1.38:1 [p < 0.001] for each 0.1 ml/min/g increase of acute MBFcor). In subjects with coronary flow reserve >2 or index of myocardial resistance <40, acute MBF was associated with long-term functional recovery and was an independent predictor of infarct size reduction. CONCLUSIONS: Acute MBF by CMR could represent a novel quantitative imaging biomarker of microvascular reversibility, and it could be used to identify patients who may benefit from more intensive or novel therapies.

Original publication




Journal article


JACC Cardiovasc Imaging

Publication Date



acute myocardial infarction, magnetic resonance, myocardial blood flow