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BACKGROUND: Adenosine stress T1-mapping on cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) can differentiate between normal, ischemic, infarcted, and remote myocardial tissue classes without the need for contrast agents. Regadenoson, a selective coronary vasodilator, is often used in stress perfusion imaging when adenosine is contra-indicated, and has advantages in ease of administration, safety profile, and clinical workflow. We aimed to characterize the regadenoson stress T1-mapping response in healthy individuals, and to investigate its ability to differentiate between myocardial tissue classes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS: Eleven healthy controls and 25 patients with CAD underwent regadenoson stress perfusion CMR, as well as rest and stress ShMOLLI T1-mapping. Native T1 values and stress T1 reactivity were derived for normal myocardium in healthy controls and for different myocardial tissue classes in patients with CAD. RESULTS: Healthy controls had normal myocardial native T1 values at rest (931 ± 22 ms) with significant global regadenoson stress T1 reactivity (δT1 = 8.2 ± 0.8% relative to baseline; p < 0.0001). Infarcted myocardium had significantly higher resting T1 (1215 ± 115 ms) than ischemic, remote, and normal myocardium (all p < 0.0001) with an abolished stress T1 response (δT1 = -0.8% [IQR: -1.9-0.5]). Ischemic myocardium had elevated resting T1 compared to normal (964 ± 57 ms; p < 0.01) with an abolished stress T1 response (δT1 = 0.5 ± 1.6%). Remote myocardium in patients had comparable resting T1 to normal (949 ms [IQR: 915-973]; p = 0.06) with blunted stress reactivity (δT1 = 4.3% [IQR: 3.1-6.3]; p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Healthy controls demonstrate significant stress T1 reactivity during regadenoson stress. Regadenoson stress and rest T1-mapping is a viable alternative to adenosine and exercise for the assessment of CAD and can distinguish between normal, ischemic, infarcted, and remote myocardium.

Original publication

DOI

10.1016/j.ijcard.2021.03.010

Type

Journal article

Journal

Int J Cardiol

Publication Date

08/03/2021

Keywords

Cardiovascular magnetic resonance, Coronary artery disease, Regadenoson, ShMOLLI, T1-mapping